As the Moreton Bay region expanded rapidly in the 1960s, 凯特·史密斯的祖父很幸运，以低廉的价格在山上买到了一所房子.
From childhood, some of Kate’s fondest memories stemmed from that particular room, extended family huddled together as the sky exploded in a spectacular array of colours.
就在祖父去世前几年，他才承认自己无法忍受烟花, and the same fond memories for us had been moments which triggered fear inside of him,” Lawnton resident Kate says.
“He revealed he would often retreat to the lounge room with the dog to watch TV instead, so we wouldn’t notice he was rattled.
“It’s so sad to think this incredibly stoic, 这个坚强的男人一生的大部分时间都带着这个秘密，他觉得他不能和那些如此爱他的人分享.
“He put everybody else’s happiness ahead of his own, when I’m sure all of us would have gladly traded those times for knowing he was okay.”
每到澳新军团纪念日，这个人都会自豪地站在那里，穿着他的运动上衣和贝雷帽，胸前挂满了勋章, but inside he still suffered from incidents that were 70 years in the past.
“But you know, PTSD(创伤后应激障碍)并不局限于老年人或退伍军人,” Mrs Smith says.
“Over time I have come to know there are other, much younger family members and friends who have been diagnosed with PTSD, whether that’s a result of an accident, their childhood or other traumatic experiences.
“The lesson I learnt from Grandad is to be mindful what others might be enduring, address it early, and seek the correct treatment – otherwise it might be decades of joy sacrificed.”
The Thompson Institute integrates world-class research, clinical services, and education under one roof, allowing rapid translation of the latest mental health findings.
Institute Director Professor Jim Lagopoulos says PTSD is not always immediately apparent and can creep up on some people over time.
“Symptoms can start mild and people don’t think much of it,” Professor Lagopoulos says.
这一数字在一线急救人员(如救护人员)中翻了一番, paramedics, firefighters and military personnel. Indeed, 在特别困难的情况下，特定职业的创伤后应激障碍发生率可达20%.
“While a lot of things are still unknown about PTSD, one thing we do know is that trauma has a cumulative effect,” Professor Lagopoulos says.
“如果你经常看到或经历创伤性事件，比如一名救护人员在一次轮班中处理5到6次创伤性事件，这对大脑的功能会产生负面影响. That’s why we see this concentration in certain occupations.
“What is also true, however, is that PTSD can be incredibly individualistic. Sometimes a person involved in a car accident might not suffer significant trauma, 但走在远处马路另一边的人可能会目睹事故，患上PTSD.
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Participants have reported life-changing responses and negligible side effects.
汤普生研究所的博士生Cyrana Gallay是研究低剂量氯胺酮的研究人员之一, somebody with lived experience of the impacts of PTSD.
“People were treated for malaria, but not for mental health conditions.
“Many had fled war torn situations in Liberia and the Ivory Coast. All around me were neighbours and colleagues experiencing PTSD, but I didn’t fully recognise how the condition presented itself at that time.
“It’s a very meaningful passion of mine now to find low-cost, non-invasive treatments for PTSD, which offer low-side effect profiles and are highly effective.
“We will have a more peaceful society if people can get access to the help they need.”
阳光海岸和莫尔顿湾地区似乎与难民营的情况完全不同, but the issue of PTSD has particular relevance.
“Sometimes, 处理创伤性事件的人可能会认为逃到一个平静的地方就能摆脱烦恼. But that’s not necessarily the case.”
Firstly, 考虑创伤后应激障碍可能会以各种方式影响一个人的日常生活是很重要的，无论是无法维持一份稳定的工作, extreme avoidance of public places, problems regulating emotions, or difficulty forming close relationships.
Secondly, loved ones in immediate proximity to someone suffering from PTSD, 经常受到严重影响，但没有得到足够的信息或资源支持.
“人们可能会觉得自己的部分性格在经历创伤后发生了变化, but not realize they have developed PTSD. If undiagnosed, 他们周围的人可能会开始质疑，为什么他们变得更有攻击性或更抑郁, for instance,” Grace says.
“PTSD is very individualistic and there are consequences for us all.”
Aside from those involved in combat exposure and emergency situations, 另一个常被忽视的PTSD特别普遍的群体是性侵犯的幸存者.
治疗创伤后应激障碍的困难在于，各种各样的刺激都可能引发消极想法, whether a response to any of the human senses, or recollection of incidents.
“Some people can have a reaction to crowded spaces or specific sounds, and I know of a firefighter whose PTSD was set off by the smell of smoke,” Ms Forsyth says.
“For that reason, 2022免费白菜网必须探索创伤后应激障碍的神经生物学，并研究在广泛情况下有全面应用的新方法, rather than specific cases.”