一个人怎么在一个
猴子笼
决定拯救
地球,

...一次一棵树.

Andy Marshall’s renowned research goes to the root of conservation science – the health or otherwise of the 73,000种树木生长在2022免费白菜网的星球上, 释放氧气, 吸收二氧化碳, 帮助人们, 动物和空气呼吸更容易.

在非洲进行了24年的实地调查, 英国和澳大利亚, 包括在美博白菜中心论坛五年的实验室分析, 并在国际期刊和媒体上发表了主要研究结果, 安迪的每一次呼吸都是为了对动植物的爱.

那么他的故事是如何在一个装满猴子的笼子里开始的呢?

The 美博白菜中心论坛 Forest Research Institute Professor admits his career in threatened ecosystems and tropical biodiversity had a cheeky beginning – when he lived in a 猴子笼 for a week at a zoo in England.

科学的学生
和猴子

In 1998, the sign on the cage at the Paignton Zoo in Devon read: “Please throw the money into the enclosure to help raise 3,000英镑来拯救雨林. 谢谢.”

被关在铁窗后面的是21岁的卡迪夫大学动物学专业的学生安德鲁·R·马歇尔, 他戴着名牌,穿着格子衣服,追求他不寻常的住所, 很快就被报纸报道了.

一名记者拍下了他大笑的照片,他被喂食笼子里的香蕉, 无疑被困惑的猕猴和狨猴看到了.

“当时我正在攻读本科学位, 我看到一则招聘志愿者参加东非野生动物保护考察的广告,马歇尔教授回忆道. “我决定在动物园的猴子笼子里呆一个星期,为我的旅行筹集资金.“就像你那样.

对事业的执着? 蜱虫.
冒险的感觉? 蜱虫.
结果? 成功.

“坦桑尼亚是令人兴奋的, 一个很棒的地方, 第二年探险公司给了我一份工作,”他说.

于是他开始致力于测量那个国家的生物多样性, right through his postgraduate studies and academic work with the University of York until he joined 美博白菜中心论坛 and settled in Australia in 2017.

事实上, Tanzania stayed on Professor Marshall’s travel itinerary annually until COVID-19 shut global borders in 2020.

现在是2022年年中, 澳大利亚研究委员会未来研究员再次从坦桑尼亚返回. He was one of 南加州大学’s first academics to resume overseas research following the lifting of border restrictions.

他又上了新闻, 这次是通过欧洲、中国、澳大利亚等数百家媒体, for collaborating with 150 researchers on every continent except snow-white Antarctica to answer the evergreen question: how many tree species exist 在 world?

只见树木见森林

美博白菜中心论坛这个问题的答案——大约73000人——发表在《美博白菜中心论坛》杂志的一篇论文上 2022免费白菜网杂志PNAS这是几十年来辛勤鉴定常见和稀有树木的结果.

“这非常令人兴奋,”马歇尔教授说. “这个新的全球数据集是生态学和生物多样性难题的重要组成部分. It’s based on the identification of trees growing in millions of vegetation plots around the world.”

这也是生态系统生物多样性的一个新开端, 约为9,73个中的000个,000 estimated tree species yet to be discovered and needing names and scientific descriptions.

根据研究, led by Roberto Cazzolla Gatti of Purdue University and the Global Forest Biodiversity Initiative, “these findings highlight the vulnerability of global forest biodiversity to anthropogenic changes in land use and climate, 它们不成比例地威胁着稀有物种和全球树木的丰富程度.”

近6,700种已知树种,在大洋洲估计有500种未被发现的物种, 包括澳大利亚. The research found a ‘hot spot’ of likely undiscovered species 在 tropical and subtropical moist forests of northeast Australia and the Pacific Islands.

Professor Marshall says that estimating the planet’s total number of tree species helps show how many different ecosystems exist and gauge the health of those systems.

“信息越好, the better we can inform national and international plans for conservation management and biodiversity targets – potentially saving endangered tree species 在 process,”他说.

“The knock-on impacts of losing a species can be devastating – what if it’s the food of a native mammal or the habitat of an important seed-dispersing bird? 地方政府需要知道如何优先管理生态系统.”

He says the publication of the 纸 by PNAS (The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA) is also nice recognition for the hard work required to identify trees “在 middle of nowhere”.

“You’ve got hundreds of tree species to ID and there’s no guidebook to flick through,” he smiles. “You’re trekking through a heavy rainstorm or crawling under a vine thicket getting scratched and bitten.

“你必须收集材料,而不仅仅是剪下一根茎. 你可能会等待, 频繁, if it’s a flower that’s inconspicuous or only blooms seasonally or is quickly pollinated by beetles before falling. 然后你在实验室里,追踪每个人的身份识别过程,这可能需要数年时间.”

It’s this ability to combine the big picture with the specific characteristics of even the most secretive plants that has borne fruit for Professor Marshall’s research.

一棵奶油苹果树
以任何其他的名字

2019年,他有了一个最甜蜜、最意外的发现, 当时他和两名英国同事发现了一种新的 Mischogyne,番荔枝属(番荔枝科)这个科以前被认为只有两个物种.

“这是一种热带树木,开白花,能长到20米高, 位于坦桑尼亚东部山区,”他说. “它的叶子更大,分布模式也不寻常. 2022免费白菜网把它命名为 Mischogyne iddii 以阿曼尼自然保护区植物学家伊迪·拉贾布命名. 他是引发!”

安迪·马歇尔和Tabernaemontana stapfiana的同事2008年在坦桑尼亚

安迪·马歇尔和Tabernaemontana stapfiana的同事2008年在坦桑尼亚

这是马歇尔教授发现的几个新物种之一, who holds a joint position at the University of York where he completed his PhD and his Master of Research in Ecology and Environmental Management, 他说,关键是要在他们的生存与农业和城市化之间取得平衡, 入侵植物和害虫, 天气事件和气候变化.

正如他告诉 Sci-News.com in 2019, “既然2022免费白菜网知道它的存在, we have to look at ways to protect it … Small forests need to be connected to others to ensure seed dispersal and species adaptation to climate change.”

过去四年, Professor Marshall has also been assessing the impact of lianas (woody vines) on forest health and management, 在他获得900美元奖金之后,澳大利亚研究委员会未来奖学金.

这个项目, 被澳大利亚政府认为具有至关重要的国家重要性, has enabled intrepid PhD students to follow in his footsteps across Queensland and Tanzania. 他还在2020年发表了第100篇文章.

“Lianas have a negative impact on forests because they grow up rapidly in disturbed areas of forest and compete intensely with trees for nutrients and light,”他说. “但它们也是森林生态系统和生物多样性的一部分, 它们为动物提供食物和途径.”

现在,回到灵长类动物.
和企鹅.
和火烈鸟?

你可以得到
从动物园出来的男孩…

马歇尔教授的职业生涯偏向生态学而非动物学, 他对野生动物和动物福利从来没有失去过好感.

他在2007年获得博士学位,确定人类对非洲濒危猴子的影响, 他在2017年仍在发表这些论文,他是一篇 东非自然史杂志 评估极度濒危的奇蓬基猴的栖息地.

直到2017年搬到澳大利亚, 他是英国火烈鸟乐园主题公园和动物园的保护主任, 在约克大学进行保护和研究项目.

He continues to publish on topics ranging from how zoo enclosures influence the breeding and behaviours of penguins and flamingos, 活体动物表演的教育效果.

这2021年的论文, 由他的一个博士生领导, 发现节目结束后,观众对动物的了解程度显著提高, 同时建议优先考虑自然行为,注重保护行动.

编组部队
研究和重新造林

这位不知疲倦的研究员自称是"有疯狂双胞胎男孩的快乐爸爸 推特 (@Andy_R_Marshall),澳大利亚,非洲和英国都是家.

He looks forward to more discussions on the Sunshine Coast with his wife Cara about the potential of science to change the future for the better.

They met in a national park in Africa – of course – and she works in communications at the Ecological Society of Australia, 努力弥合科学和政策之间的关键差距.

在坦桑尼亚, he will continue branching out with partners at the community-based forest restoration charity he founded, 造林非洲通过他创立的一个长期研究项目, 森林恢复与气候实验.

There’s ongoing development of a new forest nature reserve and management plan in Tanzania following grants totalling more than a million dollars in 2016.

“这个想法很简单,”马歇尔教授说. “We want to plant trees to restore tropical forests and the research informs where and how we should this.”

昆士兰对73000种树木的研究已经进入了下一阶段.

“We’re setting up new vegetation plots across the Cassowary Coast and Atherton Tablelands, 希望在阳光海岸也能这样做,”他说.

成本效益分析, 根据最新公布的数据, 也正在帮助政府制定原生森林恢复的优先事项.

因为这位研究者决心从他的发现中取得实际的结果, 他的作品的发展轨迹是清晰的.

Andy Marshall’s renowned research goes to the root of conservation science – the health or otherwise of the 73,000种树木生长在2022免费白菜网的星球上, 释放氧气, 吸收二氧化碳, 帮助人们, 动物和空气呼吸更容易.

在非洲进行了24年的实地调查, 英国和澳大利亚, 包括在美博白菜中心论坛五年的实验室分析, 并在国际期刊和媒体上发表了主要研究结果, 安迪的每一次呼吸都是为了对动植物的爱.

那么他的故事是如何在一个装满猴子的笼子里开始的呢?

The 美博白菜中心论坛 Forest Research Institute Professor admits his career in threatened ecosystems and tropical biodiversity had a cheeky beginning – when he lived in a 猴子笼 for a week at a zoo in England.

科学的学生
和猴子

In 1998, the sign on the cage at the Paignton Zoo in Devon read: “Please throw the money into the enclosure to help raise 3,000英镑来拯救雨林. 谢谢.”

被关在铁窗后面的是21岁的卡迪夫大学动物学专业的学生安德鲁·R·马歇尔, 他戴着名牌,穿着格子衣服,追求他不寻常的住所, 很快就被报纸报道了.

一名记者拍下了他大笑的照片,他被喂食笼子里的香蕉, 无疑被困惑的猕猴和狨猴看到了.

“当时我正在攻读本科学位, 我看到一则招聘志愿者参加东非野生动物保护考察的广告,马歇尔教授回忆道. “我决定在动物园的猴子笼子里呆一个星期,为我的旅行筹集资金.“就像你那样.

对事业的执着? 蜱虫.
冒险的感觉? 蜱虫.
结果? 成功.

“坦桑尼亚是令人兴奋的, 一个很棒的地方, 第二年探险公司给了我一份工作,”他说.

于是他开始致力于测量那个国家的生物多样性, right through his postgraduate studies and academic work with the University of York until he joined 美博白菜中心论坛 and settled in Australia in 2017.

事实上, Tanzania stayed on Professor Marshall’s travel itinerary annually until COVID-19 shut global borders in 2020.

现在是2022年年中, 澳大利亚研究委员会未来研究员再次从坦桑尼亚返回. He was one of 美博白菜中心论坛’s first academics to resume overseas research following the lifting of border restrictions.

他又上了新闻, 这次是通过欧洲、中国、澳大利亚等数百家媒体, for collaborating with 150 researchers on every continent except snow-white Antarctica to answer the evergreen question: how many tree species exist 在 world?

只见树木见森林

美博白菜中心论坛这个问题的答案——大约73000人——发表在《美博白菜中心论坛》杂志的一篇论文上 2022免费白菜网杂志PNAS这是几十年来辛勤鉴定常见和稀有树木的结果.

“这非常令人兴奋,”马歇尔教授说. “这个新的全球数据集是生态学和生物多样性难题的重要组成部分. It’s based on the identification of trees growing in millions of vegetation plots around the world.”

这也是生态系统生物多样性的一个新开端, 约为9,73个中的000个,000 estimated tree species yet to be discovered and needing names and scientific descriptions.

根据研究, led by Roberto Cazzolla Gatti of Purdue University and the Global Forest Biodiversity Initiative, “these findings highlight the vulnerability of global forest biodiversity to anthropogenic changes in land use and climate, 它们不成比例地威胁着稀有物种和全球树木的丰富程度.”

近6,700种已知树种,在大洋洲估计有500种未被发现的物种, 包括澳大利亚. The research found a ‘hot spot’ of likely undiscovered species 在 tropical and subtropical moist forests of northeast Australia and the Pacific Islands.

Professor Marshall says that estimating the planet’s total number of tree species helps show how many different ecosystems exist and gauge the health of those systems.

“信息越好, the better we can inform national and international plans for conservation management and biodiversity targets – potentially saving endangered tree species 在 process,”他说.

“The knock-on impacts of losing a species can be devastating – what if it’s the food of a native mammal or the habitat of an important seed-dispersing bird? 地方政府需要知道如何优先管理生态系统.”

He says the publication of the 纸 by PNAS (The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA) is also nice recognition for the hard work required to identify trees “在 middle of nowhere”.

“You’ve got hundreds of tree species to ID and there’s no guidebook to flick through,” he smiles. “You’re trekking through a heavy rainstorm or crawling under a vine thicket getting scratched and bitten.

“你必须收集材料,而不仅仅是剪下一根茎. 你可能会等待, 频繁, if it’s a flower that’s inconspicuous or only blooms seasonally or is quickly pollinated by beetles before falling. 然后你在实验室里,追踪每个人的身份识别过程,这可能需要数年时间.”

It’s this ability to combine the big picture with the specific characteristics of even the most secretive plants that has borne fruit for Professor Marshall’s research.

一棵奶油苹果树
以任何其他的名字

2019年,他有了一个最甜蜜、最意外的发现, 当时他和两名英国同事发现了一种新的 Mischogyne,番荔枝属(番荔枝科)这个科以前被认为只有两个物种.

“这是一种热带树木,开白花,能长到20米高, 位于坦桑尼亚东部山区,”他说. “它的叶子更大,分布模式也不寻常. 2022免费白菜网把它命名为 Mischogyne iddii 以阿曼尼自然保护区植物学家伊迪·拉贾布命名. 他是引发!”

这是马歇尔教授发现的几个新物种之一, who holds a joint position at the University of York where he completed his PhD and his Master of Research in Ecology and Environmental Management, 他说,关键是要在他们的生存与农业和城市化之间取得平衡, 入侵植物和害虫, 天气事件和气候变化.

正如他告诉 Sci-News.com in 2019, “既然2022免费白菜网知道它的存在, we have to look at ways to protect it … Small forests need to be connected to others to ensure seed dispersal and species adaptation to climate change.”

过去四年, Professor Marshall has also been assessing the impact of lianas (woody vines) on forest health and management, 在他获得900美元奖金之后,联合国美博白菜中心论坛未来奖学金.

 这个项目, 被澳大利亚政府认为具有至关重要的国家重要性, has enabled intrepid PhD students to follow in his footsteps across Queensland and Tanzania. 他还在2020年发表了第100篇文章.

“Lianas have a negative impact on forests because they grow up rapidly in disturbed areas of forest and compete intensely with trees for nutrients and light,”他说. “但它们也是森林生态系统和生物多样性的一部分, 它们为动物提供食物和途径.”

现在,回到灵长类动物.
和企鹅.
和火烈鸟?

你可以得到
从动物园出来的男孩…

马歇尔教授的职业生涯偏向生态学而非动物学, 他对野生动物和动物福利从来没有失去过好感.

他在2007年获得博士学位,确定人类对非洲濒危猴子的影响, 他在2017年仍在发表这些论文,他是一篇 东非自然史杂志 评估极度濒危的奇蓬基猴的栖息地.

直到2017年搬到澳大利亚, 他是英国火烈鸟乐园主题公园和动物园的保护主任, 在约克大学进行保护和研究项目.

He continues to publish on topics ranging from how zoo enclosures influence the breeding and behaviours of penguins and flamingos, 活体动物表演的教育效果.

这2021年的论文, 由他的一个博士生领导, 发现节目结束后,观众对动物的了解程度显著提高, 同时建议优先考虑自然行为,注重保护行动.

编组部队
研究和重新造林

这位不知疲倦的研究员自称是"有疯狂双胞胎男孩的快乐爸爸 推特 (@Andy_R_Marshall),澳大利亚,非洲和英国都是家.

He looks forward to more discussions on the Sunshine Coast with his wife Cara about the potential of science to change the future for the better.

They met in a national park in Africa – of course – and she works in communications at the Ecological Society of Australia, 努力弥合科学和政策之间的关键差距.

在坦桑尼亚, he will continue branching out with partners at the community-based forest restoration charity he founded, 造林非洲通过他创立的长期研究项目, 森林恢复与气候实验.

There’s ongoing development of a new forest nature reserve and management plan in Tanzania following grants totalling more than one million dollars in 2016.

“这个想法很简单,”马歇尔教授说. “We want to plant trees to restore tropical forests and the research informs where and how we should this.”

昆士兰对73000种树木的研究已经进入了下一阶段.

“We’re setting up new vegetation plots across the Cassowary Coast and Atherton Tablelands, 希望在阳光海岸也能这样做,”他说.

成本效益分析, 根据最新公布的数据, 也正在帮助政府制定原生森林恢复的优先事项.

因为这位研究者决心从他的发现中取得实际的结果, 增长轨迹是清晰的.

安迪·马歇尔和Tabernaemontana stapfiana的同事2008年在坦桑尼亚

安迪·马歇尔和Tabernaemontana stapfiana的同事2008年在坦桑尼亚